india ministry of foreign affairs

india ministry of foreign affairs

Ministry of External Affairs, India

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), also known as the Foreign Ministry, is responsible for managing India’s external affairs, including diplomacy, foreign policy, and international relations. The MEA works to advance India’s interests on the global stage, foster international cooperation, and address issues affecting Indian citizens abroad. Here’s an overview of the MEA’s key functions, services, and initiatives.

Key Functions of the MEA

  1. Diplomacy and Foreign Relations:
  • The MEA manages India’s diplomatic missions and consulates worldwide.
  • It formulates and implements foreign policy strategies.
  • It negotiates and signs treaties and agreements with other countries.
  1. International Cooperation:
  • The ministry engages with international organizations such as the United Nations, WTO, and others.
  • It works on issues like climate change, trade, security, and human rights.
  1. Consular Services:
  • The MEA provides consular services to Indian citizens abroad, including visa services, passport issuance, and assistance during emergencies.
  • It assists in the repatriation of Indians in distress.
  1. Economic Diplomacy:
  • Promotes Indian trade, investment, and economic interests abroad.
  • Engages in bilateral and multilateral economic dialogues.
  1. Cultural Diplomacy:
  • Promotes Indian culture and heritage through cultural exchanges and initiatives.
  • Manages the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).

Important Services

  1. Passport Services:
  • The MEA operates the Passport Seva Portal, providing online services for passport applications, renewals, and other related services.
  • Website: Passport Seva
  1. Visa Services:
  • Facilitates visa issuance for foreign nationals visiting India through various types of visas including tourist, business, and student visas.
  • Provides e-Visa services for eligible countries.
  • Website: Indian Visa Online
  1. Consular Services:
  • Offers assistance to Indian citizens abroad through embassies and consulates.
  • Services include emergency travel documents, notarization, and attestation services.
  • Website: MEA Consular Services
  1. Pravasi Bharatiya Sahayata Kendra (PBSK):
  • Provides support to Indian expatriates in distress.
  • Helpline: 1800-11-3090 (Toll-free within India), +91-11-2688-5084 (International)
  1. Overseas Employment:
  • Facilitates the protection and welfare of Indian workers abroad.
  • Manages the eMigrate system for safe and legal migration.
  • Website: eMigrate

Key Initiatives

  1. Vande Bharat Mission:
  • A repatriation initiative to bring back Indian citizens stranded abroad during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  1. Passport Seva Project:
  • Modernizing passport services with an emphasis on efficient and transparent processes.
  1. International Solar Alliance:
  • An alliance of countries dedicated to the promotion of solar energy.
  1. Development Partnerships:
  • Engages in development cooperation with countries, particularly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

Contact Information


The Ministry of External Affairs of India plays a crucial role in shaping and implementing the country’s foreign policy, safeguarding the interests of Indian citizens abroad, and fostering international cooperation. With its comprehensive range of services and proactive initiatives, the MEA ensures that India’s global presence is robust and its citizens are well-supported worldwide.